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Orthodontic treatments address a broad spectrum of dental irregularities, ranging from simple misalignments to complex cases requiring collaborative care with maxillofacial surgeons. Treatment for malocclusions, or misaligned bites, typically unfolds in several key stages:

Phase 1: Planning
This initial phase is crucial for establishing an accurate diagnosis and crafting an effective treatment strategy. It involves:

  • Reviewing dental and medical history.
  • Taking bite impressions or castings.
  • Obtaining panoramic x-rays of the jaws and teeth.
  • Additional imaging is performed as necessary for a comprehensive understanding of the face, teeth, and jaw joints.

Phase 2: Active Treatment
With a clear diagnosis in place, the orthodontist proceeds to apply either a fixed or removable device to realign the teeth. Traditional braces, the most common fixed devices, consist of brackets linked by an archwire that exerts continuous pressure to straighten teeth gradually. Regular adjustments are essential to maintain progress.

Removable options, such as the Invisalign® system and headgear, depend heavily on patient compliance, as they must be worn for a designated number of hours daily. The orthodontist regularly checks and fine-tunes these appliances to ensure optimal results.

Phase 3: Retention
Upon completing the active treatment phase, all braces and appliances are removed, and a retainer is provided. This crucial device prevents teeth from shifting back to their original positions, allowing the bone to solidify around the teeth’s new alignment. Wearing the retainer as instructed ensures the long-term stability and success of the orthodontic treatment.


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